Polish Diaspora: As Poles are taking advantage of EU’s single employment market, employers at home find that they need to import labor from other parts of Europe. Another situation in which economic growth really benefits those with moderate education (see the U-Curve below).

This is the “second” Poland, a diaspora of 800,000 Poles estimated by officials here to have left the country since it joined the European Union in May 2004. The exodus is believed to be one of the largest migrations by Europeans since the 1950s, when a wave of Irish crossed the Atlantic to escape poverty. But in Poland, this huge movement of people has created a labor shortage so severe that the government may not be able to spend the money that is due to begin arriving in January from the European Union for projects like improving roads and the water supply.

[One] factor in the unemployment rate is the mismatch between jobs and workers. Krystyna Iglicka, a migration expert and sociologist at the Center for International Relations in Warsaw, says that Poland’s education system failed in the 1990s to train enough skilled workers, including engineers and craftsmen. “The trendy professions were marketing and services, not focusing on vocational or technical skills,” Ms. Iglicka said. “Vocational and technical schools were closed, teachers were made redundant. We are now paying the price.”

So critical is the shortage of welders and shipbuilders for Poland’s shipping industry that Poland and Germany are close to an accord that would allow unemployed workers from northern German ports to work in Poland.

Don’t play in the yard: that’s what landlords in Southern California are saying to the children of immigrant families.

Families “are living under lockdown in many apartment complexes,” said Elizabeth Pierson, president and chief executive officer of the Fair Housing Council of Orange County. “Fining families and other overly egregious acts against families is becoming more common.”  Apartment managers and landlords say restrictions are needed because immigrant families often allow their children to play unsupervised. Noisy, unruly children can create liability problems for the landlords and discourage prospective tenants from moving in, they say.

Praying for Europe: An Algerian paper has been exploring the traffic in people from Senegal to the Canary Islands: here and here.

Au Masdjid El Mohssinin situé au sous-sol d’un grand immeuble, tous les Africains du sud de Tenerife se donnent rendez-vous aux heures de prière. Une bonne centaine de fidèles écoute attentivement le sermon de l’imam dans un silence de cathédrale. Une fois la prière accomplie, les vendeurs de lunettes reprennent leurs boîtes déposées à côté de la salle et mettent le cap vers le port pour y poursuivre leur besogne. Un rituel qu’ils effectuent au moins deux fois par jour. Cette bande de jeunes Africains, qui viennent se ressourcer à la mosquée, implorent Dieu pour qu’il les guide vers le chemin de… Madrid, Valence ou Barcelone. C’est leur ultime prière. Quant aux lunettes, c’est juste pour mieux voir…